Sparta Township is governed by a nonpartisan form of government known as Council-Manager Plan B of the Faulkner Act.
The five-member Council is elected at large for four-year terms of office on a staggered basis with two or three seats coming up for election every other year. The council chooses a Mayor and Deputy Mayor from among themselves to serve one-year terms of office.
The Township Council has the responsibility for all legislative matters. Municipal Elections are held on the first Tuesday in November of even-numbered years.